Stroke is when there’s poor blood flow to the brain leading to brain damage. Parts of the brain may stop working & various symptoms manifest.
A stroke is a medical emergency, so when you suspect it, act fast!!
There are 2 main types of strokes; Ischemic stroke is typically caused by blockage of a blood vessel. Examples are thrombotic stroke and embolic stroke.
Haemorrhagic stroke is caused by either bleeding directly into the brain or space between the brain’s membranes. Examples are intracerebral haemorrhage and subarachnoid.
The main risk factor for stroke is high blood pressure or hypertension!
Other risk factors are;
- Previous mini-stroke
- Tobacco smoking
- High blood cholesterol
- Kidney disease, &
- Irregular heartbeat (atrial fibrillation)
Some common symptoms of a stroke are;
- Face deviation to one side
- Inability to move or feel on one side of the body
- Slurred speech
- Loss of vision on one side
And many more, depending on the part of the brain affected.
The symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than 1 or 2 hours it is known as a Transient Ischemic Attack (#TIA) or mini-stroke.
Once you suspect a stroke, don’t waste 1 second more. Move patient to hospital fast because time is everything.
Early treatment with drugs like clot buster can reduce brain damage, while other treatments will focus on limiting complications & preventing more strokes.
To prevent stroke, the most important thing is to prevent or reduce the risk factors listed above.
Eat healthy, exercise regularly , avoid smoking, avoid drinking alcohol excessively.
CHECK YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE REGULARLY.
Some of the damage caused by stroke is irreversible. This is why we must act fast to prevent extensive brain injury when we suspect a stroke.
Always inquire about stroke from your health care provider if you need more clarity.
And most importantly, KNOW YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE!