Symptoms And Causes Of Hypoglycemia

By | September 23, 2021

Hypoglycemia is a clinical syndrome with diverse causes in which low plasma glucose concentrations lead to symptoms and signs, and there is a resolution of the symptoms/signs when the plasma glucose concentration is raised.

In patients with diabetes, hypoglycemia is defined as:
All episodes of an abnormally low plasma glucose concentration (with or without symptoms) that expose the individual to cause harm.

SYMPTOMS OF HYPOGLYCEMIA.
Symptoms are grouped into Autonomic, Neurologic and Non-specific.

Autonomic symptoms are:
Sweating
Anxiety
Trembling
Hunger
Pounding heart
Neurologic symptoms are:

Confusion
Drowsiness
Speech difficulty
Incoordination
Inability to concentrate
Non- specific symptoms are:

Nausea
Tiredness
Headache
CAUSES OF HYPOGLYCEMIA IN ADULTS

Fasting (more than 5 hours P.P)
Postprandial (less than 5 hours P.P)
FASTING HYPOGLYCEMIA

Underproduction
Alcoholism
Organ failure (uremia, diffuse hepatic failure)
Endocrine deficiency
Drugs (insulin, sulfonamides, salicylates, quinine, pentamidine, beta blockers, etc)
Over utilization
Prolong exercise
Malnutrition
Severe sepsis
Mesenchymal tumors
Hyperinsulinism
Prevention

Checking the blood glucose level. Keep a regular check on blood sugar levels and identify the onset of symptoms.
Eat regularly. Keep to your eating routine
Make sure you have eaten come carbohydrate-rich food before you do any exercise.
Be ready. Children with diabetes type 1 should always carry a container of fruit juice or candy bar so they are ready if symptoms are felt
Let people know. If you are susceptible to attacks of hypoglycemia, let your friends, colleagues and family members know. Explain what the signs are and what should be done

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