Headaches are pain from the head or upper neck of the body. They are divided into primary headaches and secondary headaches.
There are many types of primary headaches
1 . Migraine headaches that affect you unilaterally. This is a disorder of recurrent attack. Which means it comes and goes. It’s a gradual onset headache which increases in intensity and frequency. Duration of such headache is 4 hours to 72hours. It has additional symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia, aura.
Medications: (Aspirin, Hydration, Antiemetics)
2. Tension headaches that feel like a tie around your head. These headaches are the reason why we use Over the counter (OTC) painkillers. The pain is usually on both sides of the head and around the forehead area. It forms pressure or tightness around your head. The duration differs from each person. Medications: painkillers such as paracetamol, panadol, etc
3. Cluster headache which is around your orbit area. These are idiopathic and trigeminal neuralgia. The location of this type of headache is unilateral and always around the eye. The pain usually begins quickly and it deep continues pain, excruciating and explosive pain. Duration is 30mins to 3hours. It has symptoms such as lacrimation, nasal discharge.
4. Sinus headaches relating to sinusitis. Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses. Sinuses are spaces in the skull behind the facial bone around your nose.
5. Hormonal headaches. Changes in hormonal level. This is associated with low estrogen concentration. Thats beginning of a menstrual cycle or withdrawal of hormonal therapy. This type of headaches happens in women. It’s either comes before your period, during your period or after your period (menses)
These are headaches that are caused by underlying conditions such as fever, hangover or more serious conditions such as stroke, brain tumour, epilepsy, meningitis or trauma. They can be caused by overuse of certain medications Examples are:
1. Headache attributed to trauma or injury to the head or neck.
2. Headache attributed to infections.
3. Headache attributed to cranial and/or cervical vascular disorder.
4. Headache attributed to a psychiatric disorder.
5. Headache attributed to a substance or it’s withdrawal.
6. Headache attributed to disorder of homeostasis.
7. Headache attributed to non-vascular intracranial disorder.
8. Headache or facial pain attributed to disorder of the cranium, neck, eyes, ears, nose, sinuses, teeth, mouth or other facial or cervical structure.